Colloquiums INC 2018: “When light goes small”
Title: When light goes small, Prof. Dr. Javier Aizpurúa, Center for Materials Physics San Sebastián, DIPC
19 November, 12h30
Sala de Conferencias, Módulo 00, Facultad de Ciencias, UAM
Electronic excitations and vibrations of molecules can be efficiently excited by light thanks to the action of optical resonators which improve the interaction between light and matter. Plasmonic cavities emerge as a special type of optical resonators which “make light small ” giving rise to a reduction of the electromagnetic effective mode volume down to the nanoscale, as well as to a dramatic enhancement of the local near-fields.
This enhanced “small light” allows for bringing molecular spectroscopy such as fluorescence or Raman scattering to extreme levels of detection and manipulation, reaching the single-molecule regime. Furthermore, atomic-scale morphological features in plasmonic cavities produce the ultimate confinement of light, setting sub-nanometric access and control of single-molecule electronic excitations and nanoscale molecular optomechanics. To describe the interaction of light and matter at this extreme level, quantum theoretical frameworks need to be developed.